1709 - Beginning of the construction of the Lutheran Church of Jesus
Because of the difficult political situation of the Habsburg monarchy in the first decade of the 18th century, the Swedish king Charles XII managed to force the Emperor Joseph I to correct his anti-Protestant policy in Silesia. Under the agreement signed in Altranstädt (Saxony) in 1707, six so-called Churches of Grace could be built in Silesia. Only one was built in Upper Silesia, namely in Cieszyn. In the second half of the 17th century, the Duchy of Cieszyn was inhabited by the largest number of Protestants in Upper Silesia despite the strict Counter Reformation policy. These circumstances were decisive for the choice of the location of the new church. The church was built on the Upper Suburb (Górne Przedmieście) of Cieszyn, and several facilities were created in its surroundings, including a junior secondary school, houses for pastors and a cemetery.